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Breastfeeding recommendations may need to be changed PDF Print Email

 

Experts have suggested that breastfeeding exclusively for six months is not necessarily best and may put babies off some foods.

 

Current UK guidelines are that women should breastfeed for the first six months of a baby's life before introducing solids. However, researchers led by a paediatrician from University College London's Institute of Child Health said babies could suffer iron deficiency and may be more prone to allergies if they only receive breast milk.

 

In 2001, the World Health Organisation announced a global recommendation, adopted by the UK in 2003, that infants should

be exclusively breastfed for six months. The experts said the WHO recommendation "rested largely" on a review of 16 studies, including seven from developing countries, which found that babies just given breast milk for six months had fewer infections and experienced no growth

problems. However, another review of 33 studies found "no compelling evidence" to not introduce solids at four to six months, they said, whilst some studies have also shown that breastfeeding for six months does not give babies all the nutrition they need. One US study from 2007 found that babies exclusively breastfed for six months were more likely to develop anaemia than those introduced to solids at four to six months, and researchers in Sweden found that the incidence of early onset coeliac disease increased after a recommendation to delay introduction of gluten until age six months.

 

The report said that breastfeeding only for six months is a good recommendation for developing countries, which have higher death rates from infection.

But in the UK, it could lead to some adverse health outcomes and may "reduce the window for introducing new tastes". "Bitter tastes, in particular, may be important in the later acceptance of green leafy vegetables, which may potentially

affect later food preferences with influence on health outcomes such as obesity."