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Tips for Healthy Travelling
Here are a few simple precautions you can take to ensure you stay well and enjoy your trip to the full.
Accidents
Commonly, road traffic accidents and swimming/water accidents are major leading causes of death among travellers abroad. Sensible precautions include:
  • Avoiding alcohol and food before swimming
  • Never dive into water where the depth is uncertain
  • Only swim in safe water, check currents, presence of sharks, jellyfish etc.
  • Never drink and drive
  • Do your homework e.g. use reliable taxi firms, know where emergency facilities are
  • If hiring a vehicle, avoid motorcycles and mopeds and select larger cars which are well maintained
Vaccination
You can be vaccinated against many travel related diseases, so remember to contact your doctor's surgery as soon as you know you are travelling. They will advise you of the vaccinations you need according to your travel plans.

Note: some countries will not let you enter unless you are fully vaccinated against certain diseases.
Medication for existing conditions
If you are on prescription medication, including oral contraception, check you have enough to last for the duration of your trip, and take extra supplies to allow for possible delays. Keep medications in your hand luggage when flying.
First aid kits
You may want to take a well-stocked medical kit with you. Pack basic medicines such as painkillers, anti-allergy tablets and anti-diarrhoea medication, as well as first aid items such as plasters, dressings, antiseptic cream, insect repellent for your skin and fly spray for your room. If in doubt, consult your practice nurse for advice.
Insurance
It is advisable to take out adequate medical insurance before departing. If you are travelling to an EU country, you can get form E111 from the Post Office which entitles you to free emergency medical treatment in all EU countries. You may want to check that the insurance covers the cost of being flown home in an air ambulance. Don't forget to take copies of your insurance documents and emergency telephone numbers when you travel.
Insurance! why bother?
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UK residents make over 58 million overseas trips each year. But as many as 1 in 7 of them fail to take out adequate travel insurance, It is a situation that spoils thousands of holidays each year As all travellers face some level of risk a bit of pre-planning will prove invaluable once you are on your way.

Unfortunately things can go wrong on holiday. You could fall ill or have an accident, you could have money or luggage stolen, your visit might be cancelled or cut snort through injury or illness, your family may need to fly out to be with you if there is a serious incident. Costs - particularly medical treatment costs - can easily run into thousands of pounds.

It is advisable to take out adequate medical insurance before departing. If you are travelling to an EU country, you can get form E111 from the Post Office which entitles you to free emergency medical treatment in all EU countries. You may want to check that the insurance covers the cost of being flown home in an air ambulance. Don't forget to take copies of your insurance documents andemergency telephone numbers when you travel.

Market surveys show that many people don't take insurance. People believe that their credit card accident cover home insurance, or private health cover is sufficient. However, it is unlikely that these will give adequate cover.

Buying travel insurance - tips

Shop around.The cost of travel insurance varies widely, so shop around to find a good price and the right product, rather than opting to travel without cover , Bear in mind that a cheaper policy may have less cover

Know what your policy covers and check that the cover is adequate. If in doubt ask your insurer. Your policy should cover you for the following;
  • The whole time that you are away, whether that is a day or a year.
  • Any activities and sports you might do. Some activities, such as jet skiing, are excluded from many policies. Many insurers will extend cover, if requested, otherwise shop around for a specialist policy.
  • The medical and health cover is very important. It should be for a minimum of £1 million for Europe and £2 million world-wide. It must include cover for emergency medical treatment, hospitalisation and reparation.
  • Personal liability - for injury or damage to others and their property
  • Cancellation - if you have to cancel or abandon your trip. Cancellation cover should start as soon as you book your trip.
  • 24 hour emergency service and assistance if things go wrong the assistance company will help you to sort everything out.
  • Possessions cover, including money and documents to specified limits.
Your policy may also cover
  • Personal accident - money paid on death or permanent disability.
  • Legal expenses - to help you pursue compensation for damages following personal injury.
Check the conditions and exclusions
  • Most policies will not cover dnnk-related incidents.
  • Most policies do not cover drug related incidents.
  • You must take reasonable care of your possessions or your policy will not cover you.
Sun sense
Most people instantly feel more cheerful when the sun shines. However, it's advisable to avoid too much exposure, particularly between 11.00am and 3.00pm when the sun is at its strongest. Use an appropriate strength sun block (at least SPF15) and remember to reapply it every two hours.

Wearing a hat and sunglasses will help protect you in bright sunlight. If you have fair skin and/or red hair or know that you are susceptible to sunstroke or sunburn, you should take extra care.

You may suffer from dehydration in hot climates, so it's worth increasing your intake of fluids. Bear in mind that alcohol can also dehydrate the body.
Insect bites
Insect bites can be uncomfortable, even painful, so protect yourself by covering up as much as possible and applying insect repellent on exposed skin (apply insect repellent on top of sun block when both are being used). To keep insects out of your room, use fly spray, a coil, or electric repellent just before dusk. You could also keep windows closed at night or sleep under a mosquito net.

Protection against mosquito bites is especially important if you are going to an area where malaria is a risk. Your GP practice will advise on the at-risk areas and will recommend anti-malarial tablets where appropriate.
Animals
Local animals can carry rabies so try to avoid close contact with them. If you are bitten, wash the wound and seek medical advice urgently, even if you have been previously vaccinated against rabies.
When you return home
If you feel ill on your return, remember to tell your doctor you have been abroad, as early symptoms of some tropical diseases can mimic common UK illnesses. You may need to continue taking anti-malarial drugs for a period after you get home. Check the duration of your prescription with your health practitioner.
Safe sex
Hepatitis B, HIV and other infections are risks in all parts of the world in varying degrees and can be transmitted sexually. Therefore, casual sex is risky. Using condoms will provide good, but not 100% protection.


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